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  Rifle drill at City Watch House 1900

front cover photo
Foot Police carrying out Rifle drill at City Watch House 1900 Martini Henry Rifles & Bayonets


Planning for Foundation Day on Wednesday 28th April is well in hand.  There are some seats left on the bus which will be leaving Thebarton Barracks at 8.00am on 28th and returning on 29th.  Please advise us if you are requiring seats on the bus or if you are attending by your own means so that an invitation can be forwarded to you for afternoon tea.  I need these details ASAP please.

 Don’t forget Police Anzac Day service at the Academy Fort Largs on Sunday 18th April commencing at 10-30am.

rising sun AIF

Our Friday monthly meeting on 2/4/04 was well attended where the guest speaker Mr. Reece Jennings provided us with a lively and very entertaining talk on the South Australian Railways, which he joined at 15yrs of age.  His talk was supported with some excellent slides and he displayed an amazing amount of material from the early years of the Railways prior to the Commonwealth taking over. 

 John White also attended and informed us that the foyer was to be repainted, together with the ceiling of the new room in the museum. This is excellent news and can be completed before we set up material in that room. 

 Rex Greig and his band of volunteers have again been busy (see report this issue) attending to a display in the motor show and a trip to Victor Harbor on the 25th April where vehicles, photos and other memorabilia will be on display.

 I hope you all have a happy and safe Easter and hope to see you all in May for our monthly meeting where the speaker will be Geoffrey Manning who will be talking about the Star of Greece tragedy and possibly place names in South Australia.

  Geoff Rawson


Cross of

Alf Jones
- VALE -

Alfred Jesse Jones

Passed away 19th March, 2004

            Valued Member of the South Australian Police Historical Society 


May he rest In Peace


Geoff Cardwell

we welcome you

next meeting

Friday 7th May –

 Guest Speaker  Mr Geoffrey Manning South Australian Historian & Author – Whose topic will be the sinking of the Star of Greece

  Crime and

Allan Peters

A most sensational murder trial took place in France in 1890 it was the trial of a pimp named Michel Eyraud and his attractive but unscrupulous mistress, Gabrielle Bompard. Bompard, it was claimed, lured a wealthy businessman named Gouffé to her room where Eyraud strangled him to death. The duo then placed the corpse in a trunk and dumped it in a wood near Lyon. By the time the body was discovered decomposition was well advanced, making identification impossible. Pioneering forensic examinations by the noted pathologist, Alexandre Lacassagne, however, revealed a malformation of a leg bone, which led to the body being identified as that of missing Gouffé. Eyraud, who had fled the country was recognised in Cuba through a newspaper photograph, and was extradited back to Paris where he was sentenced to death on the guillotine; and his mistress sentenced to life imprisonment.


A woman told co-workers she was pregnant, the fraud worked well and she collected over $500 in gifts, to explain the absence of new born children in her home, she then claimed her twins had been born dead and held a funeral service. Expenses for the fake funerals cost in excess of $800.


I always wondered why somebody doesn’t do something about that.

Then I realised that I was somebody


Motor Museum

During February & March 2004 P.H.S. Members & museum vehicles have been requested to attend at various functions.

On Saturday the 21st February Ernie McLeod & Peter Moller attended the Whyalla Street & Custom Motor Show.   The vehicle & members were well received in promoting both the Police Historical Society & SAPOL.

On Sunday the 3rd March, Rex Greig & Ernie McLeod represented the Police Historical Society at the Children’s Safety School, Port Road, Adelaide where the School was celebrating its 40th year of operation.

 The 1962 Chrysler Royal Highway Patrol Car, the 1962 Solo BSA Motor Cycle and the 1984 Suzuki outfit were exhibited along with other current police patrol vehicles for attending members of the public to view.  The day was very successful.

 Many thanks to Rodney Stokes, Bob Ward, Dennis Irrgang & Peter Moller – their assistance in maintaining the Police Historical Society’s vehicles is greatly appreciated.

 The 1954 Holden, that is being restored to represent a Police Vehicle of its era, has now been painted. Further assembling is in progress.





The white pioneers in Australia recognised very early, the tracking ability of the Aboriginal people, who had, through necessity, relied on their skills for centuries to provide themselves and their families with food and water.

 In many instances their very existence depended on their skills and it, therefore, entered largely into all aspects of their simple lifestyle.  Consequently, young aboriginals were taught, from their earliest years, all the skills and secrets associated with the art of tracking.

 It was of far greater importance for Aboriginal children to learn to read the book of nature, which lay open before him as he journeyed through the harsh Australian bush, than it is for the child of a European aristocrat to learn the alphabet.

 With the arrival of white settlers in Australia the skill of native trackers was soon recognised and used to advantage in searching for those lost in the bush, or in the recovery of stray horses and livestock.  It was, on many occasions, to be the means of bringing wrongdoers to justice.

 Native trackers were utilised by early drovers and explorers to locate water and to help find a route through often seemingly impenetrable scrubland, or trackless desert.  Many stockmen, drovers and explorers, without doubt, owed their lives to the skills of the trackers.

Detective Max Jones with Black Trackers at
Pine Valley Murder Hunt


Police also realised the value of employing native trackers, and as the white population grew and moved away from the city centres, so too did the police force grow and develop.  Naturally with this expansion, more trackers were required and during the 1800s, and in fact until almost the mid 1930’s, trackers were attached to most country police stations.


Trooper W.F. Johns & Three Black Trackers – Delta, Urinditbah, Koolmutchki  Pine Creek  Station N.T. 1914

Throughout South Australia, the names and exploits of many legendary Native Trackers are as well known today, as they were when the trackers concerned first practiced their ancient skills for the betterment of the Community.  Names like Peter Aringa, Scoundrel Bob, Tiger, Andy, Pony Mick, Lanky, Jimmy, Fred Cooper, Mick McLean, Fred Johnson, Tommy Ridge, Alec Riley and the famous Jimmy James, are but a few.

 But no list of trackers would be complete without that of Police Tracker Alfred Ryan.

 Alfred Ryan, popularly known as either “Alf” or “Tracker” was born at Lyndhurst in South Australia’s far north in 1889.  He first joined the South Australian Police Force on May 20th, 1912 and, whilst so employed, served in many police stations around the state with his longest stints being at Adelaide and Mount Gambier.

 Tracker Ryan was highly praised by all who had the honour to work alongside him.  His natural ability to follow tracks, which were indiscernible to the white man, was not impaired as a result of his long association with white society.  He was, in fact, regarded as a better police tracker than the best of the tribal aboriginals, because he had made a deep study of the work and the evidence given by him in many important court cases showed that he had reduced tracking to a fine art.  Yet he also had the ability to present his testimony with such clear definition and confidence that the defence, rarely, if ever, caused him to falter in any way.  Justices of the Supreme Court complimented him on several occasions for the professional manner in which his evidence was given.


Alf Ryan at Mount  Gambier


the surprise of many people, Alf Ryan worked as well in the city as in the outback.  Records show that early in his career he played a significant role in a murder investigation at Burra and a robbery case at Springton, where he followed the tracks of the two offenders for over nine miles. 

He was equally successful in bringing an assault case, which took place on West Terrace in Adelaide, to a satisfactory conclusion.

Another of Alf Ryan’s early and remarkable achievements was the tracking of a man who, in 1916, shot a bullock on an estate at Buckland Park North of Adelaide.  When investigating the alleged crime, Alf picked up the man’s tracks on the North Road and followed them for a considerable distance to where the animal lay. He described the offender as a big, heavy man.  Alf then followed the tracks leading away from the crime scene, along a creek and back to the main road.  On the way he saw signs that the man had suddenly stopped and fired two shots at a hare.  By following the tracks of the hare, for a short distance, he determined that it had escaped uninjured.

At the side of the main road he saw where the man had mounted a motorcycle, but a sideslip a little distance away caused him to dismount and push the machine to the metal, where he remounted and rode away.

 Detectives later interviewed a man who had been seen riding a motorcycle towards the city, from that direction on the day of the shooting, but he denied all knowledge of the incident.  His home was visited by the detectives and a gun, of the same calibre as that stated by Alf Ryan, was found, and the boots worn by the suspect had exactly the same peculiarities as he had described.  When his exact movements along the creek, the manner in which he shot the bullock, the shooting at the hare, and his riding away on the motorcycle were described to him, the man, believing he had been seen, admitted to having shot the bullock as described.

 The offender, however, was not prosecuted, as Alf’s examination of the alleged crime scene had revealed that the bullock had, in fact, been dying when the man came across it.  He had shot the beast merely to end it’s suffering.


upper house










lower house

Chas Hopkins.

Charlie Hopkins

Shortly after the Department was formed, a Police Manual was prepared and issued to each member, and it contained orders and instructions for the guidance of the Force. It followed the format of the manual issued to members of the Metropolitan Police in London. It was a pocket size edition for the guidance of members, regardless of rank, and it made special reference to the Police code of ethics, instructions concerning working conditions, and guidance on aspects of law. The following instructions were issued in 1846 for the prevention and suppression of 'Obstructions and Nuisances'.


For Constables acting within proclaimed Towns and Districts in the prevention and suppression of "Obstructions and Nuisances."

arrow bullet    The following clauses are, in their application and the powers given, limited to such towns and districts, or portions thereof, as may from time to time be specified and described by Proclamation of His Excellency the Governor:-

arrow bullet    If any person, in any public street or place, shall beat or dust carpets, or fly a kite, or drive any carriage for the purpose of breaking, exercising, or trying horses; or ride any horse for the purpose of airing, exercising, trying, showing, or exposing it for sale; or throw any ashes, rubbish, broken glass, offal, or other filth or annoyance, in or upon the carriage or footway of any street or public place;

arrow bullet    Or slaughter, or cut up any beast, swine, or sheep, so near any public street that any blood or filth shall flow upon the carriage or footway;

arrow bullet    Or roll or drive upon the footway any wagon, cart, dray, sledge, or other carriage, or any wheel, wheelbarrow, hand barrow or truck, or any hogshead, cask, or barrel;

arrow bullet    Or wilfully lead, drive, or ride, any horse, ass, mule, or other beast upon any footway [otherwise than by crossing the same for any necessary purpose], the Constable MAY apprehend the party and take him before the Police Magistrate; but if he knows the party or can discover his residence, he should report the circumstances to his superior Officer, who will lay an information and obtain a summons for the party to appear before the Magistrate.

arrow bullet    There are also other offences, such as the following, in which the Constable should act similarly, unless the nuisance or obstruction be immediately removed on his requisition, which he should make in the most civil and respectful manner before he takes further steps:-

arrow bullet    Thus he will interfere, if any person shall set or place any stall-board, chopping-block, show-board [on hinges or otherwise], basket, wares, merchandise, casks of goods of any kind whatsoever, or shall hoop, place, wash, or cleanse any pipe, barrel, cask, or vessel, in, or upon, or over any of the carriage or footways in any street or public place;

 arrow bullet    Or shall set out, lay, or place, any coach, cart, wain, wagon, dray, wheelbarrow, sledge, truck, or other carriage, upon any carriageway, except for the necessary time of loading or unloading the same, or taking up or setting down any fare, or waiting for passengers when actually hired, or harnessing the horse or other animals;

arrow bullet    Or shall set or place in or upon or over any of the carriageway or footways any timber, stones, bricks, lime, or other materials for building whatsoever [unless such person can show the permission of the Police Magistrate], or any other matters or things whatsoever;

arrow bullet    Or shall hand out or expose any meat, or offal, or other thing whatsoever from any building or premises over any part of the footways or carriageways, or over any area of any house; or shall hand out or expose anything from and on the outside of the front or any other part of any house or premises over or next unto any street.

arrow bullet    The Constable will interfere and report the circumstances if any person in his view shall discharge firearms without lawful cause, or let off any fireworks, or burn any shavings or other things in any street or public place;

arrow bullet    Or shall suffer any swine, or goats, belonging to him or under his charge to stray or go about, or to be tethered or depastured in any street or public place;

 arrow bullet    Or shall haul or draw upon any part of the streets or public places, any timber, stone, or other things otherwise than upon wheeled carriages; or suffer any timber, stone, or other thing which shall be carried principally, or in part, upon wheeled carriages, to drag or trail upon any part of any street to the injury thereof, or hang over any part of such carriage, so as to occupy or obstruct the street beyond the breadth of the carriage;

arrow bullet    Or shall throw any dead animal into any street, road, lane, or other public place, or into any river, creek, or other stream which shall flow through, or by any such street, road, lane, or other public place, or leave the same upon the shores thereof;

 arrow bullet    Or shall form, dig, or open any drain or sewer, or remove any turf, clay, sand, soil, gravel, stone, or other material used in the formation of the streets, in or from any part of the carriage or footways, without leave first being obtained from the Police Magistrate; or shall wantonly break up or otherwise damage the carriage or footways;

arrow bullet    Or shall bathe near or within view of any public wharf, quay, bridge, street, road, or other place of public resort, between the hours of 6 in the morning and 8 in the evening.

arrow bullet    The Constable shall notice and report any person who neglects to secure the cellar-flaps, or entrance to his cellar, or basement story;

arrow bullet    Or who leaves, without proper enclosure, any well in any space open to the street, or any excavation for any building, or any building materials, so as to cause danger to passengers;

arrow bullet    Or the driver of any carriage or cart seen riding upon any such carriage, not having some person on foot to guide the same [such as are drawn by horses and properly driven with reins only excepted];

arrow bullet    Or the driver of any carriage who shall wilfully be at such a distance from the carriageway, or in such a situation, whilst it shall be passing upon any street, that he cannot have the direction and government of the horses or cattle;

arrow bullet    Or any driver who shall ride upon the shafts of any vehicle;

arrow bullet    Or anyone driving and passing any other vehicle, and not keeping to the left or near side;

arrow bullet    Or any driver who shall wilfully prevent any other person from passing him, or any carriage under his care upon any public street; or who, by negligence or misbehaviour, shall interrupt the free passage of any carriage or person so in or upon the same;

arrow bullet    Also, any person who shall ride or drive through any street so negligently, carelessly, or furiously, that the safety of any other person might thereby be endangered;

arrow bullet    Also, any person who shall suffer to be let at large any unmuzzled ferocious dog, or set on any dog to attack, worry, or put in fear any person, horse, or other animal;

arrow bullet    Or who, by negligence or ill-usage in driving cattle, shall cause any mischief to be done by such cattle, or who, being employed to drive such cattle, shall wantonly pelt, drive, or hunt them;

arrow bullet    Or who shall sing any profane, indecent, or insulting words or behaviour, with intent to provoke a breach of the peace, or whereby a breach of the peace may be occasioned;

arrow bullet    Or who shall wilfully and wantonly disturb any inhabitant by pulling or ringing any door-bell, or knocking at any door, without any lawful excuse.

arrow bullet    Or any person carrying in any cart through the streets any nightsoil, or other filth, between the hours of 5 o'clock in the morning and 10 o'clock at night;

arrow bullet    Or any person filling any cart conveying nightsoil, or other filth, so as to turn over any such filth, in or upon any street;

arrow bullet    And also any person emptying any privy, except during the night between the hours of 10 and 5 in the morning;

arrow bullet    Or any person who shall put in, or cast out of any cart or tub, or otherwise, any nightsoil, in or near any of the public streets or places.

Regulations were also issued concerning the conditions under which members were accepted into the Department. It included that members were continually on duty, that they would be paid each month [City members were required to march to the
Treasury Building to obtain it] and also that they were not to marry without permission of the Department. Viz.

A General Order issued by Commissioner Warburton in 1861.

 General Order  No. 18 June 21st, 1861


Peter Egerton Warburton

Commissioner of Police


Ring Thief Swallows valuable evidence.

The Murray Pioneer 9.12.03 - With thanks to Val Harvey for this article.

A Thief who swallowed a $4,000 diamond ring was held in custody at Berri as police waited for nature to take its course late last week.
Police were forced to wait about 24 hours before being able to retrieve the ring, which was stolen from Annabelle’s Hour Glass Jewellers in Vaughan Terrace at about 4.00 p.m. on Thursday.
Two men from New South Wales were later arrested for the theft in Loxton after their red Ford Sedan was stopped by a police patrol.
Riverland Police senior sergeant Kevin Nitschke said the 48 year old man had first denied stealing the ring.
“We searched his person and the vehicle where we found other stolen property, but not the ring” he said.
Snr. Sgt. Nitschke said it wasn’t until police used a metal detector, routinely used to detect concealed weapons, on the man that they discovered the he may have swallowed the ring.
“The metal detector alerted us to something in the stomach or chest region and as a result we suspected that he may have swallowed it” he said.  “We took him to hospital & an X-ray revealed the ring” Snr. Sgt. Nitschke said it took until Friday afternoon the recover the stolen piece of jewellery.
He said in searching the car police also recovered about $20,000 worth of stolen property, including alcohol & electrical equipment.
The 53-year-old driver of the car was also arrested for theft.
“We recovered a large quantity of bottles of spirits & wine, but mainly spirits from whiskies to vodkas.  It was all top grade stuff, all black label Johnny Walker & that sort of thing”
Police also found new power tools. Perfumes & a lap top computer.


Snr. Sgt. Nitschke said he was not sure whether any of the other goods had been stolen in the region.
“At this stage it appears the majority may have been stolen in Victoria.  We have had no other reports of stuff being stolen here”
Snr Sergeant Nitschke said it was not the first time a suspect had tried to conceal evidence by swallowing it.
“We have had people swallow evidence in front of police, but not jewellery”
The two men were refused bail in the Berri Magistrates Court on Friday. They are now being held in custody in Adelaide & will return to the Berri Court at a later date.



Mark Dolman has been elevated to the rank of super hero following his recent extra-ordinary act of bravery.

A strong smell of death had been observed in the Motor Shed and was followed by the discovery of a body in the workshop area.

super hero

The deceased was a possum which had passed away many days prior to the shed being opened.  The weather was hot, the possum was putrid but this didn’t deter our superhero, who managed with a shovel, and wheelbarrow to remove the deceased to a more appropriate resting place.

Whilst other members had trouble retaining their breakfast, Mark passed the ultimate test of courage. It is rumoured that the deceased  provided suitable bait for the next fishing trip.


Robert (Rob) Thomson has been with the Society since he joined at the old North Adelaide Police Station where he became involved with uniforms and accoutrements.

 He saw the need to have many of the uniforms in his car, dry-cleaned and made presentable.  He did a deal with Chehade Dry Cleaners to clean selected uniforms at a very moderate cost.  This has continued to this day.

 In order to preserve uniforms Rob has taken up the needle and thread to repair various items and sew on new buttons and has become a very handy dab with the iron as well.  He also introduced a ticketing system to identify clothing and sectionalized the various uniforms into different eras.

 With the advent of computers in the Society, all items of uniform have now been identified on the computer database consisting at last count of 6,000 items.  He has been responsible for hiring out uniform pieces to stage, TV school and film organizations for a fee, bringing considerable funds into the Society.

 Rob has fitted out uniforms for volunteers attending various functions including the Police Tattoo in 2000.  This was a very difficult task given the number of people involved, their varying shapes and sizes and the limitations of uniforms available.

 He has served on the Executive for many years and has always been available for the many Society activities and working bees.  He was made a life member of the Society, a reward he richly deserved, in.

 Rob was a loyal and faithful servant to SAPOL for more years than he cares to admit to and since retirement has been involved in the retired members association. He is usually found at the “head of the table” at lunch and morning tea times a position he richly deserves. 

Rob Thomson we salute you.










The “HUE & CRY” is
Published by the South Australian
Police Historical Society Inc.,
Thebarton Police Barracks
C/- G.P.O. Box 1539 
Adelaide 5001
S.A. 5083

Elees Pick........


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