Police Foundation Day Celebration 28th April 2005
L–R Alan Hyson, Holger Kruse, Commissioner Mal Hyde,
Paul Schramm (part. Hidden) Geoff. Rawson, Lord Mayor Michael Harbison
(See Story Inside)
Foundation day was once again a great success with a crowd of about 200 attending in
Victoria Square. This months issue contains a full report on the event.
Our open day will be held on Sunday the 22nd of May and we are hoping for a good attendance by the public for this event. A gold coin donation for entry to the Barracks is required, however volunteers will be admitted free of charge. Members who are attending as volunteers for the event are urged to wear their identification. Parking will be in
Gaol Roadfor public and the parade ground is to be kept free of vehicles for the day. Public will be attending from 10.00 am and volunteers are requested to be available prior to 9.00 am for a briefing.
Our monthly meeting on Friday the 6th May was another success with the Commissioner Mr. Mal Hyde and his wife Marcia attending. Mal was the speaker for the evening and gave an interesting talk on the lessons of history. He later toured the museum complex. During the evening he was presented with a certificate to recognise his position as Patron and he presented Premiers certificates to Charlie Hopkins, Audrey Walker and Isabel Brooks for their contribution to the society.
The Commissioner also presented appreciation certificates to Bob Boscence, Kevin Beare and Holger Kruse for their work in the preparation of the Museum and the long hours they have been putting into this project.
Colin and Joyce Beames once again conducted the raffle and raised over $80.00 for the night, which is an excellent effort. Thank you to all those who contributed.
Friday the 3rd of June is our next meeting and once again Owen Bevan has delivered with an address by Mr John McArdle who will be speaking about the development of the new
. I hope to see you there. Adelaide Airport
W H O O P S !
On Page 6 of last month’s Hue & Cry we ran a photograph purported to be of Superintendent Giles. This was, in fact, J.B. Giles later Commissioner Giles who we understand would have been approximately 10 years of age in 1934. Unfortunately, we do not have a photograph of Superintendent Giles in our Archives.
Thanks to Ray Killmier for bringing this to our notice.
Women police in
Celebrating 90 years (cont’d)
As follows is an excerpt from a letter received in July, 1917 by Mrs Bessie Moore of the Women’s Employment Bureau, requesting information regarding the appointment of women police. We thank member Tony Kaukas for providing this information.
21 Abbottsford Terrace,
June 25th, 1917
Dear Mrs. Moore,
We are trying to get the Government of this Dominion to give us a body of “Women Police” it is a new thing here and our politicians are shy of it. We had today a meeting of ladies to interview the member for this District – He was unconvinced & would only say that he would consult the Minister for Justice when Parliament opened. I told him I would endeavour to get him some data from
& then I thought of you. I would esteem it a favour if you could send me particulars of the appointment of Women police, their duties & how it has worked out in Adelaide to receive better protection for our girls & young women in this bonnie Country. Adelaide
The task before us is a heavy one, but there are indications of good being done & only practice & trust can win out.
I should be glad if you send us the information as soon as possible as the House meets soon.
Reverend H.C. GEORGE.
This letter was passed on to Superintendent Priest & the following information was forwarded to the Commissioner of Police,
SOUTH AUSTRALIAN POLICE FORCE
APPOINTMENT OF WOMEN POLICE
Respectfully returned to the Commissioner of Police.
The policewomen are sworn in as ordinary constables under the Police Act & are under the direct control of the Superintendent of the Metropolitan Division. Two were appointed on the lst December, 1915, one on the lst July, 1916, one on the 1st March, 1917, and another on the lst June, 1917. They receive 8/- per diem with an extra 1/- per diem in lieu of quarters, ₤9 per annum uniform allowance, and the usual increases granted to ordinary constables.
They perform their duties in plain clothes, about 10 hours a day, at times best suited for carrying out such duties. The duties are not those required by the men, but the association with a well established Department is a source of strength and protection and they have also the benefit of the advice and assistance of the experienced officers of the Police Department.
The officer in charge of the women police was for many years Senior Probation Officer of the State Children’s Court and in that capacity co-operated with the members of the Police Force in the welfare of delinquent children who were under the supervision of the State Children’s Council;. Two of the other officers were visiting inspectors of children who were under the supervision of the State Children’s Council. They also obtained valuable experience, one as a social worker for the Salvation Army in the Melbourne Police Court, the other as a trained nurse and teacher in an Orphan Home in
The reason for appointment of Women Police is for the better safeguarding of the moral welfare of women and children particularly for girls from the age of 14 to 21 years. Their Chief concern is not so much the prosecution of crime as the prevention of misconduct that often leads to disaster in their lives. Every effort is made to safeguard unprotected and innocent girls against unscrupulous persons, but there is far more instances where girls have to be protected against their thoughtlessness and indiscretions which are largely due to lax parental control.
DUTIES PERFORMED BY WOMEN POLICE
(a) To keep children from the streets, and especially at night.
(b) To assist in the prevention of truancy from school.
(c) To watch newspapers and furnish reports of persons apparently endeavouring to decoy young girls by advertisement or by any other means.
(d) To patrol railway stations and wharves and when long distance trains and steamers come in, in order to guard and advise women, girls and children who are strangers and have no friends waiting for them.
(e) To patrol slum neighbourhoods, and look after drunken women and obtain assistance for their neglected children.
(f) To keep an eye on reputed brothels and on the wine shops and hotels frequented by the women of the Town, in order to prevent young girls being decoyed and drugged with liquor and entrapped.
(g) To protect women and girls in public parks and when leaving work in the evening,
(h) To inquire into charity matters where it is desirable, &c, &c.
Edw. H. Priest Superintendent of Police
POLICE FOUNDATION DAY
THURSDAY 28TH APRIL 2005
Police Foundation day for 2005 was a resounding success.
This year the focus was on women in policing & the early history of the Women Police Branch, with particular focus on Kate Cocks & Annie Ross, the first Women police in the Empire with the same powers, privileges & pay as the men.
Approximately 200 people witnessed the event which was held in
Victoria Squareadjacent to the Fountain. Many former retired members of the Woman Police Branch were present & Alan Hyson, Bob Job and Holger Kruse looked magnificent in their heritage police uniforms. The Police Band played music from the era & four mounted constables were resplendent in their uniforms.
Owen Bevan was our MC for the morning & I was first up with the Historic Address. I must thank the many people who assisted me with putting the speech together, including Dorothy Pyatt, Joyce Richardson who gave me some wonderful additional material, Alan Peters, Elees Pick & many others.
The Commissioner Mal Hyde & the Lord Mayor Michael Harbison unveiled the plaque & both made excellent speeches. The plaque will eventually be mounted in
adjacent to Cathedral Park Victoria Square. We sincerely thank Boral Industries who have generously supplied a rock on which to mount the plaque.
A special thanks must go to Bill Rojas who once again worked tirelessly towards this event. I am aware that he started in
Victoria Squareat 7am setting up & sounded very weary at 6pm when he rang me (still at work) that evening.
Invited guests attended at the Queen Adelaide Room of the Town Hall for a reception after the event.
There is still work to be done to finalise this Foundation Day as Bill and I will be going to Boral’s Quarry to choose a suitable rock, & arrangements are still to be made to transport it to
Victoria Square& have it installed.
Now for next year’s Foundation Day!
Geoff Rawson – President.
April witnessed one of the Society’s major annual events in the form of the Police Foundation Day ceremony held, this year, to mark the 90th
. In my desire to keep the proceedings within reasonable time constraints in the unusually warm sunshine of the day, I was remiss as the MC for the occasion, in not publicly acknowledging and thanking two particular people for their outstanding efforts. Over the course of many months, Society President, Geoff Rawson, and SAPOL Protocol and Ceremonies Officer, Bill Rojas, undertook extensive negotiations, together with detailed planning and organising, all of which ensured the success of the occasion. They performed these tasks with the excellence and commitment we have become accustomed to and, on behalf of all concerned, I express sincere congratulations and appreciation. anniversary of women policing in South Australia
Owen Bevan - Secretary
By Jim Sykes
- The wall of the Cheraroo Police Station collapsed and damaged crockery and ornaments of Trooper Gerhardy who made a claim for £31-17-0. Commissioner Warburton was adverse to payment of damage as he considered Gerhardy had in his possession property beyond that required of his rank. Gerhardy claimed he had entertained the Governor and Magistrates used the room for Court and as his station is also the Post Office, all the settlers in the district visited the premises. He was compensated £11-12-6.
police request a new stone building as the old Station building was propped up and likely to tumble down. Venus Bay
Venus Bay Station Ruins
- Wallaroo Police Trooper Curnow fell from his horse whilst drunk and had to be treated by a Doctor.
- A new Gaol was opened at Kadina next to police station. Area had previously been used as police stables and they now have to use the stables at the hotel. Gaoler and wife often drunk and abusing each other. Police accused of insulting Gaoler’s wife..
- Clare police report that the closet at the new station is a “cesspit”, is inadequate and also faces the public street.
- Mount Wedge Trooper Provis reports water in the native well at the station is very low and not fit for human consumption. Mortar is falling out of the spaces between the logs of the cabin wall. Commissioner advised him to use his initiative and do the repairs and deepening of the well himself.
Trooper Gerhardy dismissed from the service because of his drunkenness and bad language. Venus Bay
- Wallaroo police sought accommodation in Kadina as the 12’ X 10’ tent used by 8 police members was not satisfactory and during the wet weather they were unable to keep their clothes dry.
police reported on the conduct of natives in the area and advised that one native was charged with setting alight the room of the Stipendiary Magistrate who had sentenced him to a month in gaol with hard labour. The Commissioner queried as to whether that Magistrate should deal with the new charge. Franklin Harbour
- Plans were made to fence the Telegraph Station at
and when work was about to commence it was found that it would stop access to the police station and hay loft. Mount Barker
- The Chief Secretary enquired if the application of James Egan to enter the police force had been considered. Commissioner Warburton replied that he has the responsibility of selecting applications for entry to the Force. The Chief Secretary disagreed. Much correspondence flowed between the two and the matter did not appear to have been resolved.
- The specifications of the new Police Station at
were released for tenders and it was found that it was situated at the wrong location. Venus Bay
- Port Adelaide Constable John Head was dismissed from the service due to drunkenness. A memorial presented to the Commissioner by the business people in the district in an effort to reverse the decision was not successful.
Bartlettof applied for the position as Bailiff and was advised that he would first have to resign from the Force. Mount Gambier
- At Port
Lincoln, four female natives, arrested for stealing flour from a shepherd’s hut were imprisoned and sent to on the vessel “Lubra”. Adelaide
- Trooper Komell of Penola was killed when the horse he was riding swerved and hit a tree.
- Due to drought conditions at
the staff at this station have been living on euros and an occasional wallaby because they were unable to obtain any other form of meat. Mount Serle
- Angipena Police Station was closed due to the drought and lack of drinking water and the troopers moved to Blinman where they were accommodated in one of the mine houses. Later the proprietor of the North Star Inn offered his premises to the police as he was leaving the area for six months.
- Immigrants from
were required by statute to have a certificate in their possession setting out that they were not convicts. Western Australia
Passed away April, 2005
Esteemed member of the S.A. Police Historical Society
REST IN PEACE
EXPERIENCES OF A POLICEMAN
By the late John Sharp
Frightening things would happen almost on a daily basis.
One night shift I was walking the Parade at
. I had been several times up & down the street trying the doors of business premises, when at about 4.30 a.m. I tried the door of a large business & fell into the shop as the door opened. I was never so surprised as when I hit the floor of the shop. I immediately made for the phone to get other Police to assist me to search the premises. Sure enough it had been broken into by a back window to the premises & they had left by the front door. Norwood
Another frightening experience was the night I was on my own in a back alley in the city. I had earlier heard a noise in this dark lane & I went to investigate what it was. I felt that it might have been a cat knocking the lid off a garbage can while looking for food. There was no cat! I looked further. There was a 44 gallon drum in the corner, I lifted the lid and found a man inside trying the keep dry from the rain. Of course I didn’t know if he was dead or alive. He was one of the derelicts who frequented the area & I was pleased to see that he was very much alive. Cats & dogs on the prowl at night for food gave me more frights than anything else.
Over the years you meet some very famous people. I, with a lot of other Police Officers, was involved in looking after the Beatles while they were in
. We were mainly there to keep the girls away from them. They all seemed very nice lads & were happy to assist the Police at all times. Places like the South Australian Hotel where they stayed & the Centennial hall at Wayville, were where we had problems. Large crowds gathered at these places & we had to divert them away from these buildings to usher the Beatles in. The airport was another problem, but over all we seemed to get through. Adelaide
There were film stars like Maureen O’Hara, Peter Lawford, Richard Boone and a host of others. There were singing groups like the Deltones, Bee Gees & Rolling Stones. When these groups were in town we had to work harder to keep public order. It was all in a day’s work & we took the good with the bad.
Over my 30 years in the force I can say that there were never two days the same. Each day was different & each day a challenge. I feel that was what made a policeman’s life so interesting. I only wish that I had kept a diary on the exciting & funny experiences – No doubt I could have written a book!
Old Coppers in Action
(from the Advertiser 23.11.57)
Courtesy of “old copper” Val Harvey
Police assisted by two Sea Scouts fought for an hour to rescue a cow which fell into the River Torrens last night.
Photo (below), as published in the Advertiser, shows Motor Traffic Constable Val Harvey in the river with Constable Jack Kellett on the bank, with a member of the public.
However, the photograph that was not published (as shown below) was considered unsuitable because of the amount of skin shown ????
How times have changed (Fashion week designers note the high fashion 1957 underdaks worn by MC Harvey).
28th April, 2005
The “HUE & CRY” is Published by the
South Australian Police Historical Society Inc.,
Thebarton Police Barracks
C/- G.P.O. Box 1539