SA POLICE HISTORICAL SOCIETY
HAPPY 25TH ANNIVERSARY
Firstly, I would like to thank all Society members and friends for your very kind comments on my recent promotion to Deputy Commissioner. Your kind comments have been overwhelming and I sincerely thank you all.
At our September meeting I had the pleasure of presenting to Edna Wellington a Police Historical Society Appreciation Certificate. The Certificate was awarded to Edna for outstanding support to the Police Historical Society over a large number of years and in particular it was endorsed by all members of the “Thursday Group” for her outstanding support to the Group.
As we approach October, it will be a particularly important time for the Society. At our Anniversary Dinner to be held at the Police Club on Friday evening 4 October, we will celebrate the Society's 25”’ Anniversary. Who could have imagined at the Society's inaugural meeting in December 1977 that the Police Historical Society could have achieved all that it has done and still be growing from strength to strength 25 years later
Recently I was fortunate to have obtained the first copy of the Hue & cry produced in January, 1979 Produced by Rob Clyne the Society's then secretary, founding member and author, in the opening of the newsletter he wrote "This is hopefully, the first issue of what will become the regular quarterly Newsletter of the Police Historical Society. The name of our Newsletter, the “Hue & Cry” was the original name given to the forerunner of the South Australia Police Gazette and the first was printed on the authority of the indomitable Alexander Tolmer, Commissioner of Police, on the 6th of September, 18S2". Twenty five years later the Newsletter is still produced on a monthly basis by our dedicated ~.n4 tireless editor Jan Hutchin. Rob Clyne has accepted an invitation to be our guest speaker at the Anniversary Dinner and to talk about the founding of the Society. I urge you all come along and join in on what I know will be a most memorable and enjoyable evening.
Finally, I would also like to remind all members of the BBQ picnic and unveiling of a framed photograph of our late Commissioner of Police and society members Mr John McKinna at the Echunga Police Training Reserve on Sunday 27 October Further details of this event are outlined in this edition of the Hue & Cry.
In closing, I would like to recognise the outstanding efforts of the many Society members who continue to unselfishly and freely give of their time and labour to ensuring the continued success of the Society's Your efforts and contribution is greatly appreciated
I look forward to seeing you all at our 25”’ Anniversary Dinner at the Police Club on Friday evening 4 October. Come along and join in the memories and celebrate the success of our past 25 years.
Trevor BRETTIG Holger & Rosalie KRUSE
Chris CHAMBERLAIN Peter MALPAS
Gerry & Lesley FELTUS
...we welcome you
SA Police Historical
25th Annual Dinner.
The Police Historical
will be celebrating their 25 Anniversary at the Annual
Dinner to be held at the Police Club (Fenwick Room) at 7.0 0pm on Friday the 4”’
The cost per person is
and includes Meal (Soup, choice of 3 mains, and
sweets). Drinks at own expense. A birthday cake suitable for the occasion is being
Photographs of foundation members and society activities will be on display.
In order to cater for this
please forward payment prior to 20”’ September
Please forward cheque,
order, etc., with your name and address to Geoff
Rawson (Vice President) C/O SA Police Historical Society (33) GPO Box 1539,
Adelaide SA 5001, or in person (cash, cheques, etc.) at Thebarton Barracks
Thursdays between 0900 —l5OOhrs.
Please do not send cash through the post.
Tickets will be forwarded
return post. Telephone inquiries 82074103 (Thursdays)
or mobile 0407610755.
THE SOUTH AUSTRALIAN POLICE HISTORICAL SOCIETY
PATRON: Mr. L.D. DRAPER, Q.P.M., Commissioner of Police
Mr. W.B. BUDD, Q.P.M.
R.E. CLYNE, B.A.(Hons.)
2 Birdwood Ave.,
UNLEY S.A. 5061
Vol.1, No. I. January 1979.
This is hopefully the first issue of what will become the regular quarterly Newsletter of the Police Historical Society. The name of our Newsletter, the ‘Hue and. Cry”, was the original name given to the forerunner of the South Australian Police Gazette, and the first issue was printed on the authority of the indomitable Alexander Tolmer then Commissioner of Police, on the 6th of September 1852. We entertain the hope that one day we will be able to publish a Society Journal on an annual basis, in which case you will then see a really elaborate; “Hue and Cry”.
The police Historical Society is now a little over twelve months old (having its inaugural meeting in December 1977 when it was addressed by Mrs. Jean SCHMAAL and Mr. Ron GIBBS:— Jean, as all of you are aware is one of the truly great authoritative sources on local police history while Ron is the President of the ‘South Australian Historical Society’), and the past year has been a very- important period of consolidation.
Perhaps the most important factor for any new-born group which decides to form into a recognised Society, is, (if they wish to continue and to grow and prosper,) to build strong and secure foundations, so that this might be realised. Here, I believe my impulsive impatience has been held in check by the Executive Committee and the loyal core of members who attend each meeting. I pay humble tribute to them, for by their patience, and faith, the Society will indeed continue to grow and prosper.
Our first year has been a really enjoyable year, yet not without our little moments of high drama, and comedy relief. At a couple of meetings we found ourselves without Guest Speakers at the very last moment, and chaos ensued, yet the good-natured spirit of our members saw these hurdles painlessly passed. It’d been fun, and no doubt these incidents will soon be related as amusing anecdotes at our meetings.
With this Newsletter, you will find enclosed a copy of our programme for 1979. We would like you to keep this in a safe place and. make sure the dates mentioned are recorded in your diaries and. calendars. Complaints have reached me as to the late arrival of some of the notices re the Society's meetings. I would like to explain briefly, that it has been very difficult to send notices to members before each meeting . It has been time-consuming, expensive and always dependant on my being able to con my way into using a copying machine, or using it when nobody bas been looking. By initiating this Newsletter, we hope to overcome many of these problems.
Due to the great success of our field trip to Wellington in October last year, we have now planned two field trips for the current period. The first is in autumn when we will be embarking to Willunga and Strathalbyn, as well as any other place on the way. The second is planned for spring, when we plan to visit Burra and Kapunda. We trust you will find a full and varied programme, from field trips, speakers, films, an exhibition of our collection, as well as an exhibition of Mrs Ames’ art and the planned launching of a police “sketch book” based on her sketches.
We're still searching for a suitable Museum, ad our eyes have and towards the old, but still used. Clarendon Police Station ~s a possible site. This beautiful old station has great tourist potential, and properly managed could be quite a bonanza. However, negotiations are still in the tentative stage, so we can't jump up and down just yet. In the meantime we have the use of rooms in the old Port Adelaide Police Station to house our growing collection of historically valuable items. We want to collect anything and everything which, no matter how insignificant it might seem to the present owner, we believe that it's best to retain first, rather than throw away and lose forever. So, we're in the market for anything you might have at home, or if you don't wish to part with it, we'd be quite content just to be told about it. We are accepting items on the understanding that:
(1) the articles described...will remain the property of the above named person, his heirs and successors, or of his estate.
(2) the articles described above will become the sole property of the South Australian Historical Society, free from any future claim.
Just in case you've forgotten, we meet on the second Friday in each month, except as otherway arranged, such as the April meeting due to Easter, and the Field Trips, will be held on the following Sunday. The meetings themselves are held at 8pm in the Auditorium of Angas St H.Q., and are always followed by a supper afterwards.
Hysterically, sorry, that's ‘Historically’ Yours,
Robert Clyne, Secretary.
THE SOUTH AUSTRALIAN POLICE HISTORICAL SOCIETY
to the Society is $4—
is the Society's Annual General Meeting. Guest Speaker is Mrs Jean
Field Trip to WILLUNGA and STRATHALBYN, leaving Angas St., at 9 am and returning at about 5pm after a picnic lunch.
Chief Superintendent Wally BUDD will be dealing with aspects of early police history in the South East. *note the change of date.
Professor Eric RICHARDS from FLINDERS UNI will be talking on ‘History From Below’.
Film Evening. Films from the S.A. Archives.
An Exhibition of the Society's collection to date, to be held. in the Auditorium.
Max SLEE will be talking on the history of the weapons and uniforms of the South Aust.n Police Force.
Chief Superintendent M. STANFORD will be talking on our involvement in CYPRUS.
Field Trip to BURRA and KAPUNDA, leaving Angas St., at 9 am and returning at 5 pm.
Art Exhibition. The work of Mrs Joyce AMES and the intended launching of a ‘S.A.n Police Sketch Book’.
Bandmaster Ernie ALDERSLADE will be talking on the history of the Police Band.
AN OLD DEBATE
In policing matters, it seems our political masters are slow learners. I refer to a report in the Sunday Mail of 5 May, 2002. This announces the intention of the Federal Government to conduct an enquiry under the chairmanship of Mr. David Hawker M.P to study the feasibility of adopting a U.S. style system of government wherein Local Government Councils would have wider responsibilities for such essential services as police, hospitals and schools. This is a ludicrous proposal as it relates to police, as anyone with any experience of policing will be aware.
It is ironic to know that a move for the devolution of police to Local Government was the subject of fierce debate in South Australia as early as 1868 and 1872, as the following, correspondence from the SAPOL Commissioner of the day, indicates. Despite its prolix style it makes some points still very relevant today.
Police Commissioner's Office,
The Honourable the Chief Secretary, Sir,
As I perceive the Corporation of Adelaide is about to consider in Council the question of the management of the Adelaide Police Force, I do myself the honour of forwarding the copy of a letter addressed to the Chief Secretary in July 1868, on this subject.
The original letter is in your office together with my letters to the Chief Commissioner of Police in Melbourne, and the Inspector General of Police in Sydney, with their replies.
Commissioner of Police.
Police Commissioner's Office.
27 July, 1868.
The Honourable the Chief Secretary, Sir,
Having anticipated the discussion on the subject on the subject of the decentralization of the Police Force, I communicated with the Chief Commissioner in Melbourne and the Inspector General in Sydney. I now enclose a copy of my letter and their replies from which it appears the subject had been considered in Melbourne about 7 years ago. After much mature deliberation, the conclusion arrived at was that it was not advisable to decentralize the Police Force. In Sydney the police were given up to the Municipal authorities, but after a trial of two years, the step was retraced.
My own opinion is that it would be dangerous to the Government and the community at large to hand over to the local authorities the control of police in their several localities. It would be dangerous in countries where the Government are backed by a military force, but it would be doubly so in a community in which the only permanent disciplined force is the Police.
Should any differences arise between the Government and the municipal authorities, how utterly powerless the Government would be against the municipal officers, the citizens and the police. For instance in the case of the Morphett Street crossing when the Government property was threatened by destruction and the municipal body and citizens were in open opposition to the Government. What would have become of the Government property had not the police protected it?
But apart from the question as to the position the Government would be placed in by the contemplated arrangement, the effect on the Police Force itself has to be considered, together with its relations to the Mounted and Rural Police. I think I shall be able to show that the decentralization of the Force would weaken its influence, cripple its power and weaken its efficiency.
In the first place, the police have to deal with criminals all over the colony and united action is absolutely necessary in detecting crime and in the pursuit of criminals. United action can only be looked for, or rather secured in a Force which is itself held together under one command and controlled by one Head. The interest in their duties should be entire and not separated and should not flag in one in one locality to revive in another. It should not grow hot or cold in separate districts. There should be a desire to assist and help each other in the breast of every police officer and an esprit de corps to bind them together.
It would be in vain to look for this in a decentralized Force. The esprit would be to advance the fame of one body of police at the expense of the other. One uniform system to be followed by all is absolutely necessary. This could hardly be established in one Force controlled by the Government and the other controlled by the Corporation. Uniformity must suffer after being filtered through the hands of successive mayors or councillors who may hold opinions about police duties widely differing from their predecessors in Council and who would not be likely to yield them up while they retained office. This of course would lead to constant changes in the regulations and would increase the difficulty of achieving unanimity between the Government and police in the Corporation. The patronage constantly varying would unsettle the minds of the Constables in the Force and induce them to form cliques and become supporters or opponents of different councillors.
Appointments and promotions would most likely go by favour without consideration for aptness or merit. This would cause dissatisfaction and disorganization would shortly follow. Each Constable would be so hampered in his actions by the fear of offending his patron councillor, that it would be an arduous task for him to honestly do his duty.
The two Forces looking to two different sources for instruction and advice would most assuredly clash in the details of their duty and a stubborn opposition or unhealthy emulation would probably arise and set by the ears those who main usefulness lies in being united. With regard to the Detective Force, how could it act effectively with a body controlled by a different Head, for the Government could not hand over to the Corporation a Department of the Police which is formed for the express purpose of keeping supervision over the criminal element throughout the entire colony, and of keeping up an interchange of information with the whole group of the Australian colonies.
In England the tendency is to consolidate the Police Forces. The evils of decentralization are ably put forward in an article in Fraser’s magazine of as late a date as January 1868, and written by Edwin Chadwick CB, who with the late Sir Charles Rowan and Viscount Eversley under Royal Commission inquired into the state of crime throughout the country and of the local Constabulary Forces appointed for its repression. This article goes fully into the question and a few extracts from it will shew the tendency of the arguments referring to County Police. He states;“The result of these isolated organizations is the maintenance of large bodies of habitual depredators, vast amounts of preventable crimes and insecurity with increased local taxation. The present fragmentary condition of the Forces impedes inter communication and concerted action. Our first report which experience will be found to confirm on every great topic, laid down the principles for the organization of a general preventive Police Force."
A little further on he writes as follows;
“As against this great moral, social and political improvement and the real freedom
of the great mass of the population, stands opposed the simple greed of the local dominion at the expense of the people whose name is falsely used against it. For example in the centre of the Metropolis, the Corporation having jurisdiction over 120,000 of the three millions of the London population have been permitted to impose upon the residents there the protection of an inferior Force at the expense of upwards of #20,000 per annum beyond what would be incurred if the City was placed under the general Metropolitan Police.1
On the occasion of the passage of the Princess of Wales through the metropolis, in consequence of the weakened loss of protection from the management of the Corporation Force, some hundreds of people were maimed and 20 killed.
1 Here the writer is referring to the city of London Police, created as a separate Force in central London in 1839, one year
after the founding of SAPOL This policing enclave created in the financial and business hub of victorian England is
comprised of a territory of about one square mile and still exists today, a tribute to the parochialism of powerful interests. The Metropolitan Police are responsible for the greater area of London. (REK).
When I speak of the greed of local dominion as standing in the way of needed reform, it is not alone the desire of a mere status, the pride of office and the salutes of policemen with their personal attentions on occasions, though there is much in that. Any impartial person who will look at the revelations as to the direction of a number of Borough Forces, who will make enquiries as to the Licensing system will see the great extent to which the direction of those Forces has been allowed to fall into the hands of brewers, distillers, publicans and owners and occupants of houses which require the frequent intervention of police. How much more of misrule and disaster are we to have in England before a local consciousness is awakened as at Belfast, leading to surrender of local dominion, to a general Force with the advantage of economy, as well as impartiality, of real responsibility and efficient action”
The administrative alternative now presented (in South Australia) is between unity and disunity. Unity with efficiency, security and economy; disunity with inefficiency, local corruption and waste.
I have the honour to be Sir,
Your Obedient Servant.
Commissioner of Police.
Hungarian murderer, Sylvester Matuslika, gained erotic excitement by blowing up trains. In 1932 he was gaoled for life for causing two train wrecks in which twenty-two people were killed and over one hundred injured, he was released during Word War Two. During the Korean War he worked for the Americans as an explosives expert.
|The “HUE & CRY” is
Published by the South Australian
Police Historical Society Inc.,
Thebarton Police Barracks
C/— Box 1539 S.A. 5083
G.P.O. Adelaide 5001