JUNE 2002


 
 
 



From the President
 
It is with deep regret that I report on the passing of our Life Member and former President Laurie McEvoy, since my last report. Laurie had a short illness prior to his passing.

I had the honour to represent the Police Historical Society at Laurie’s farewell, along with a number of other members and friends from the Society. Laurie will be well remembered for his tireless work as a President and Treasurer of the Society over many years. The highlight of which was his key role with the establishment of the former police museum in Police Barracks at North Terrace.

On behalf of the Society I extend our deepest sympathies to Fay and family.

At our last June meeting we attended at the Netley Police Complex where we undertook a very interesting and detailed tour of both the Netley Patrol base and the new STAR group facilities. I expressed my sincere thanks to Superintendent Peter Hoadley who provided a personal tour of the STAR group facilities and to Senior Sergeant Jim Leaney who conducted the tour of the patrol base. I know that members were very interested in the modem facilities and equipment which are provided in today's modern environment, and my sincere thanks for all members and friends who braved the elements and attended at the Netley Complex which was a cold and blustery night.

In keeping this months report brief, I look forward to joining you at our July 5 meeting at which we will have a very interesting guest speaker in Julie Reece. Julie has recently taken a school group to visit the First World War battlefields and War graves in France and Belgium and in 2002 was a special invitation to visit the Gallipoli landing and war fields.

I am sure this will be of great interest to members and I look forward to joining you then.

Kind Regards

John White

President



NEW MEMBERS...
 
Joy DAVIS Ian & Anne MOULDS

Michael FISHER                                Elees PICK
                                                                                          ...we welcome you


FRONT COVER OF HUE & CRY

L to R
Constable Roger Wark and Senior Constable Stan Lockwood, wearing summer khaki uniform, attending a motor vehicle accident at the corner of Port Road and South Road. 1956.  The font of a motor vehicle can be seen inside a fruit and vegetable shop.


Continuing in the series of

POLICE RELATED SITES AND LOCATIONS IN SOUTH AUSTRALIA.

by

BOB POTTS


Finniss:

 
 
Hundred
 

River

Town
 

Lake

Vale
 

Cape

Springs

 
Geographical landmeasure, County of Sturt, mid-Murray plains.

Stream in South Mount Lofty Ranges.

Small settlement between Strathalbyn & Currency Creek.

75 miles north west of Port Augusta.

School site now known as Punthari near
 Mannum.

Near Elliston on Eyre Peninsula

Geographical feature west of Marree and
 south of Alberrie Creek.

Boyle Travers Finnis. Came to S.A. as assistant Surveyor to Colonel William Light. Commissioner of Police 1843—1847.     Held many administrative and parliamentary
positions and was the first Premier of South Australia.

NB:   This article was taken from the Mt. Barker Courier.

Remembering the Anzac spirit

'the ceremony started and you couldn't hear a pin drop
there was total silence'


— Mt. Barker High School history
teacher Julie Reece

Mt. Barker High School teacher Julie Reece has discovered that the Anzac story is shaped by geography.  The award winning Australian history teacher has been given the opportunity to see Anzac Cove with her own eyes twice.  Most recently Mrs Reece chaperoned a group of students who succeeded in The Simpson Prize, a national history essay competition honouring WW1 hero John Simpson.  The role allowed Mrs Reece to attend Anzac Day dawn services in ‘Thirkey and Lone Pine, which she said was “the ultimate” experience.

She said taking in the Turkish landscape during two visits had helped her to piece together the Anzac tale.  “Getting to the dawn service is such a process .. there are so many thousands of people,” she said. “We scrambled up the cliffs and
bushes then perched on the Hills and looked over the massive crowd.
“There was a loud, boisterous crowd but the ceremony started and you couldn't hear a pin drop  there was total silence.

“To be there at that particular service knowing what that represents and wanting to do it all my life, it was totally overwhelming.
Mrs Reece said she was wearing airforce wings belonging to WW2 veteran Robert W Leslie, which were given to her for the occasion by his grand daughter and Mt. Barker High student Kellie Jansen.
Wishing that her own students were there to appreciate the service, Mrs Reece recalled her last visit to Turkey during the overseas study tour Remembrance 2001.
Mrs Reece co-ordinated the $100,000 Mt. Barker High School project, which took a group of past and present students on a journey to commemorate the sacrifices made by local WW1 soldiers.
The group commemorated the gravesites of 91 local soldiers following extensive research back home.

However, Clifford Polkinghorne, whose nephew John lives in Nairne, was overlooked.
 Mrs Reece made sure that didn't happen, again, honouring his gravesite during her recent visit from April 19-30.
Excursions to cemeteries and battlefields were also a major part of the chaperoning experience.
Mrs Reece was recognised for excellence in history teaching when she won a prize at the National Excellence in Teaching Awards last October.
 



Nappamerrie Station

By Chas Hopkins

 
During the 1960’s I had occasion to visit Nappamerrie Station on the Diamantina River in Queensland and adjacent to the north eastern border of South Australia. When speaking to the Manager, he remarked that a flood had recently required him to temporarily leave the homestead, and indicated a stained water mark which still existed on the upper wall of the residence. It really amazed me as at normal times the homestead is at least 40 metres from the normal river level. However, in hindsight, I later found that vast volume of water occasionally flow through these normally dry creek beds when monsoonal rains reach the catchment area.
On one occasion when visiting Innamincka it was necessary to use a steel punt to convey our vehicle to the other side of the stream which at that time was 3 metres deep and 100 metres wide and flowing strongly. It continued at this rate for several days.
As we intended to travel to Adelaide later, via the Birdsville Track I enquired if there was a possibility of encountering problems where the water crosses our route before spilling into Lake Eyre. I was advised that there would be no problems as it normally took about two months for the water to reach that location as it first had to fill many lakes and waterholes and flood the vast area known as the Queensland Channel country which extended over thousands of square miles. Once it moved into South Australia, the flood waters would have to fill the Coongie Lakes [about 60 miles wide] and then Lake Hope [not quite as big] before cutting the Birdsville Track. Some days later we travelled safely down the Birdsville track and back to Adelaide and a little more than two months later I read in the Advertiser newspaper, where the flood waters had cut the Birdsville Track.
When the manager of Nappa Merrie realised we intended travelling to Innamincka he enquired if we could assist two men who had been stranded at the homestead for a fortnight. One was an old resident of Innamincka Station and the other a stockman employed at Cordilla Downs Station. The practice of the airline serving the area at that time was to call weekly to the region but would land at different stations each week. This was done to offset any property receiving preferential treatment. It was therefore necessary for anyone using that service to arrange for alternative road transport if the plane landed at other. than their homestead that week.
We advised that we could only take one of the stranded men in our vehicle and agreed to take the man who wanted to go to Innamincka as the other one wanted to go a 100 miles further on.
Our passenger to Innamincka was about 70 years old and medium build and height and of a reserved disposition and only conversed with us when we asked him questions. He told us he had worked at Innamincka station for over 50 years. He had lived at Goodwood in Adelaide as a child and moved to Innamincka in the early 1920’s. He was employed as a “Ringer” with other general stockmen and remained out in cattle camps from March to Christmas each year. When the annual wages were paid to the men, they would all depart to their favourite resorts including cities or the nearest tavern where they would hand their pay cheques to the publican, advising him that they would be staying with him until the money ran out. He explained that he continued working on the property until he retired and was then permitted to live at the homestead for the rest of his life. He helped out with different small jobs and several months earlier, while chopping wood, a chip flew into the air and struck him in the eye. He was taken by the Flying Doctor Service to Adelaide where his eye was eventually removed. As he had been in Adelaide for three months for treatment etc. he was “homesick” and was glad he was on the last leg back to Innamincka.
He explained that a “Ringer” was attached to every team of “Stockmen” and was responsible for preparing the horses for the average 18 men in each team. He said that a “plant” usually consisted of 80 horses who existed only on the normal herbage in the area in which they were working mustering and tending to cattle. The horses were usually unshod and some of the areas were known as “gibber” plains where the surface is covered with fragments of rock and subsequently very hard on the hooves of the horses. It was often necessary for each stockman to change horses 5 times every day to prevent them becoming footsore. He was required to have the horses ready to be saddled at daybreak each morning with the exception of Sunday which was considered to be a “rest” day when the gang would stay in a camp normally near a waterhole where they would bathe and wash their clothes.
On other days they started at daybreak, had a three hour break in the middle of the day, which was the hottest time, and then continue to shortly before sundown.
The men remained in the camps, more than 100 miles from the main station for the full time, either mustering, branding or castrating the young bulls. They also built and repaired stockyards, boredrains, windmills and water tanks. As the “Ringer” he was also required to assist the cook, repair saddles and tend to sick or injured horses.
Stores were sent out from the homestead about every two weeks and the only time any member of the team visited the homestead was when going on holiday and when returning to work.
The stores were conveyed in an open trolley and the cook operated from an open fire and cooked damper bread in the coals on the ground. The workers slept in their swags on the ground generally beneath the trees. Personal items were kept in a wheat or sugar bag. A canvas awning was erected when it rained which was quite infrequently.
When we arrived at the old Innamincka town which at one time had a Hospital, Police Station, Store and Hotel, we found most of them demolished. There was however a massive stack of empty beer bottles which had been discarded over the years the hotel was in operation. Many of the bottles were broken and others had collapsed and melted under the fierce heat of the sun during summer. This occurred when the sun shone through a bottle end which acted as a magnifying glass which in turn concentrated the heat to the bottle beneath it and so on.
As we neared the homestead there was a noticeable change in his previous quiet disposition. His attitude changed to one of interest in everything he saw. It was evident that he was quite excited on returning to his home after a long absence. His excitement was again evident as we reached the homestead when he was greeted by three young children who raced forward to meet him accompanied by two dogs, barking and wagging their tails in obvious pleasure at his arrival.
I often pondered over the lifestyle of the men and women who were employed on these large properties and especially the privations and rugged existence they had to endure throughout their employment. They were required to live close to nature, exposed to the elements continually through each year except for the meagre protection of a canvas awning when it rained, which was rare and when they took their annual pilgrimage to “civilisation”. It is only on reflecting upon their lifestyle can one appreciate the pleasure they derived on arriving at a Hotel or other source of “civilisation.”
The Innamincka property at the turn of the 2O~ century was one of the largest leasehold properties in Australia, and was solely used for the breeding of cattle. It has since then gradually reduced in size and several other pastoral leases have been issued for the areas that it had previously occupied. It now comprises of 10,000 square kilometres and stocks about 10,000 head of beef cattle.



LOOKING BACK
25 YEARS AGO
KAPUNDA  CHAPEL STREET
CAPTIVATING & HISTORIC
**125 YEARS AGO
Extracts taken from the files of the Mt. Barker  Courier, dated Wednesday, 
September 1, 1976.

BULLET ENDS CAR CHASE

A high speed chase which lasted nearly three quarters of an hour came to an abrupt end in the early hours of Friday morning when a police bullet smashed through the rear window of a stolen car in the main street of Nairne.
One of the occupants was hit in a shoulder by the bullet  He was not. seriously hurt.
Prior to that, the three Adelaide men involved had stolen the car from outside an Adelaide night club and driven to Littlehampton, where they broke into a local delicatessen,
A police patrol intercepted them on the outskirts of Murray Bridge and a chase at speeds up to l50 km/h had ensued. Several other patrols joined in and, on numerous
occasions, on-coming semi trailers were forced off the road as the car thieves zig-zagged across the Princes
Highway to prevent police from pulling alongside.

100 YEARS AGO

Extracts taken from the files of the Mt. Barker Courier, dated Friday,
August 31, 1900.

UNDESIRABLE VISITORS.

On Friday afternoon, Sergeant Richards received instructions from Adelaide to arrest two young men who boarded the Southern evening train after having stolen a
saddle at Mitcham. On arrival at Mt. Barker the light-fingered pair were promptly taken into custody and landed in the cells, and on Monday, at the Adelaide Police Court, the charge against them was proved and a
sentence of 14 days’ imprisonment awarded. It was thought that perhaps the men, Patrick Mahoney and Thomas Williams, were after a bigger haul in the country, but an examination of their kit did not reveal anything in the way of those implements used in the gentle art of
crib-cracking
 

    NEW 
    RELEASE
 
 
 
 
 

A rare and amazing heritage listed
property with fascinating development
opportunities. The substantial stone
Courthouse and Police Station and
residence was built around 1865. The
Courthouse includes 4 main rooms
with 24 ft. Ornate ceilings. Some kitchen
facilities in place. The residence
comprises many rooms including
kitchen, bathroom, bedrooms, Some
Jail Cells and Inmate Exercise Yard.
Stone stable/garage. Partly renovated
with some work required. Some original
fillings and slate tiles included. All on
approximately 3/4 acre. $150 000.
 
 

 


GAWLER POLICE COURT


Two larrikins  were charged with wilfully interrupting the roadway in one of the
principal streets by placing a rope across to
entrap pedestrians.  They pleaded guilty to
their thoughtless conduct.
From the evidence it appeared the two boys,
aged about 12 and 14 years each, got posses-
ion of a clothes line, having taken it from the
Old Bushman yards, and stretched it across
the street. The fist person who fell over it was
in such a state of intoxication that very little
caused him to embrace mother earth. Being
successful in the first instance it was again
put across, but the police happening to come
in sight they decamped.



256        THE SOUTH AUSTRALIAN POLICE GAZETTE.              [August 13, 1913]


MISCELLANEOUS INFORMATION.
So many cases have been brought under my notice where constables when ordered to turn out mounted have either been unable to get near their horses when in uniform, or unable to manage them when mounted, that stringent measures must be adopted by inspectors to enforce the regulations.

  Any constable found to have neglected his duty in schooling his horse to the use of the bit and accoutrements will be ordered into barracks for a month's drill, and disallowed any travelling expenses during such time
9/8/13. W.H. Raymond, Commissioner of Police.

___________________________

Police Station Opened.

A police Station has been opened at Lucindale.
8/8/13. W.H. Raymond, Commissioner of Police.

___________________________

The Motor Vehicles Act.

Attention is drawn to the number of Motor Vehicles being driven after dark without having the tail lamp lighted, in contravention of Regulation No. 5, Ninth Schedule of the Act.

Special attention must be paid to this matter, and any breaches detected in the metropolitan area reported to the Inspector of the Division.
12/8/13. W.H. Raymond, Commissioner of Police.
 

CRIME & PUNISHMENT BEFORE 2000.

Prisoner Peter Degraves earned time off his sentence in Hobart in the mid 1800s by designing a new gaol for the government.
A.P.

This Month's 'Road Sign':

Life has many lessons;
humility is high on the list

 


The “HUE & CRY” is
Published by the South Australian
Police Historical Society Inc.,
Thebarton Police Barracks
C/— Box 1539 S.A. 5083
G.P.O. Adelaide 5001
EDITOR
Janice Hutchin
Galway Avenue, Broadview


 

 

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